Tomatoes are the plants that are easy to grow, but if you want to grow fully grown and nice red tomatoes, then it is crucial to consider a few important steps. May it be sowing seeds or transplanting, watering or feeding the tomato plants do need good care to deliver satisfying results. If you are an amateur gardener and want to know how tomatoes are grown in natural sunlight efficiently, then it all starts with the selection of the tomato variant and sowing them in the right way.
Tomato seeds once selected needs to be sowed into special seedbeds prepared. If you are living in an area where last frost date is in March, then probably you can start setting up seedbeds for tomatoes indoors where the temperature of the soil can be controlled. However, if you live in an area with a temperate climate, then soil temperature should be given due consideration. The temperature of the soil should be at least 60F for the seeds to germinate.
Generally, 3inch pots are ideal for sowing tomato seeds. The soil in the container should be the right mix of compost and soil. The soil should not drain all the water or should not hold too much water. Today there is a variety of ready soil mix available on the market for sowing tomato seeds which consist of right proportions of soil, compost, and nutrients. But if you are considering preparing seed beds on your own, then it is advisable not to use too much of sand or clay.
Sowing tomato seeds indoors is the most common way of growing tomatoes that produce good results. Dig the soil an inch deep and place a seed or two in the 3inch pot and cover it with compost. Make sure that the soil is moist enough but not waterlogged or dry. Place the seed beds in a warm place or corner indoors. It is ideal to place the seed trays into windowsill where there is enough sunlight for seeds to germinate.
Moist the soil before sowing the seeds. Ensure that excess water is drained and there is no water logging. Once the seeds are planted and covered with the compost just a spray of water should do the job. It is recommended to use water sprayers to moist the soil instead of watering directly. Spraying will help to maintain necessary moisture for the seed to germinate while avoiding waterlogging which may cause fungi.
The seedbeds, when taken good care and placed in a warm place where there is enough sunlight, should germinate in about 7 to 10 days. If the climate is extremely cold and there is only mild sunlight, covering the seedbed with a cling film will help to keep the soil warm and facilitate quick germination. Remove the cling film wrap once you notice the seedlings. Avoid direct sunlight at this stage to prevent burning of leaves. If you have potted more than one seed in the pot then it is at this stage you need to pull out unhealthy seedling and before the roots grow deep. Once the seedlings are around 4 weeks old, you can transplant them into bigger individual pots or transfer them to the soil.